What does a Cavity look like?

Dental Caries are the most common oral disease in people. It often leads to dental cavity which is very annoying and can lead to pain & swelling. Many times, We mis-judge a black spot on tooth by any other reason to be a dental cavity. Thus, It is important to know what does a cavity look like? and what does a cavity look like on x-ray. We will also learn that what happens if the cavity is left untreated.

dental cavity logo

What is a dental cavity?

Dental cavity is the erosion of the tooth portion in a particular area due to microorganisms present in the mouth.

How does a cavity form?

Dental cavity occurs because of dental caries. Due to many factors, There is erosion of the mineralised portion of tooth i.e. Enamel which causes the formation of a cavity. A cavity can be of any shape and size depending upon the extent of demineralisation.

Reasons for formation of a dental cavity

The reason for a dental cavity is dental caries. But the dental caries can occur due to many reasons which are given below.

  1. Poor Oral Hygiene
  2. Osteo radio necrosis
  3. Xerostomia (DRY MOUTH)

As saliva is an anti-cariogenic agent and in the  absence of saliva, Dental Caries can develop which leads to Dental Cavity.

What does a Cavity look like?

what does a cavity look like

A cavity looks like a blackish discoloration/ black spot on the tooth. This spot can be of brown or black in color. It occurs as a spot which slowly takes over the whole tooth and causes constant pain in the tooth. You can see the image above to know what does a cavity look like.

What does a cavity look like on an x ray?

what does a cavity look like on xray

On an X-ray or radiography, The tooth looks radio-opaque i.e. Whitish grey in color  as it is a mineralised structure and X-rays don’t pass from it. While due to de-mineralisation of the enamel, The  cavity looks radiolucent i.e. Darker than tooth structure as X-ray passes from it.

A cavity looks black in color. Never confuse between a cavity and a filled teeth. Once a tooth is filled the portion will look white in color while the cavity look blackish colored on X-rays.

What does a Cavity feels like?

The enamel is a hard structure in-fact it is the hardest structure in the body while the cavity will feel soft as the minerals in that portion  is gone. The cavity becomes de-mineralised so it feels soft in nature.

Also, You will have constant food lodgement in that part which is a sign of dental Cavity.

Signs of Dental Cavity

There are many signs which confirm a dental cavity. They are as follows:

  1. Blackish discoloration of tooth
  2. Constant food lodgement
  3. Soft feeling of tooth
  4. Pain in tooth

How to prevent a Dental Cavity

Dental caries are easy to prevent if taken good care and also necessary as cavities are irreversible. The only option left after a dental cavity is formed is cavity filling. Here are some of the options to prevent a dental cavity.

  • Maintain Proper Oral Hygiene
  • Visit your dentist for regular dental checkups every 6 month
  • Avoid sugary diet and sticky food
  • Rinse your mouth after eating food
  • Drink some tap water for fluoride intake
  • Brush twice daily with flouride containing toothpaste

I hope you have got all your answers, If you still have any doubt then please comment below. We are happy to help you out.

 

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